- Before 2017 – Unregulated
- 2017 NEC – Required.
- Section, 210.71
- To prevent potential hazards created by cords being strewn across floors in meeting rooms
- Solutions include Floor Boxes and Poke Throughs
NEC 2017 In Effect
As at mid September 2017
|State||NEC in effect as at Mid Sept 2017||2017 NEC Adoption||Other Editions Of NEC Adoption Status|
|Alabama||2016 July 01, (Alabama Division of Construction Management)||Not in process|
|Alaska||2014 (2016 March 06)||Not in process|
|Arizona||Local adoption only|
|Arkansas||2014 (2014 Nov. 21)||Adoption process underway (effective date not established)|
|California||2014 (2017 Jan. 01)||Not in process|
|Colorado||2017 (2017 June 01)|
|Connecticut||2014 (2016 Oct. 01)||Adoption process underway (effective date not established)|
|Delaware||2014 (2016 March 11)||Not in process|
|Florida||2011||2014 edition (2017 Dec. 31)|
|Georgia||2014 (2015 Jan. 01)||Adoption process underway (2018 Jan. 01)|
|Hawaii||2014 (2017 March 27)|
|Idaho||2017 (2017 July 01)|
|Illinois||2008 (2011 July 01 – commercial occupancies for areas outside of local jurisdictions that have adoption authority)||Not in process||Not in process|
|Indiana||2008||Not in process||Not in process|
|Iowa||2014 (2015 Jan. 01)||Adoption process underway (tentative effective date of 2018 Jan. 18)|
|Kansas||2008 (2011 Feb. 04 – State Fire Marshal)||Not in process||Not in process|
|Kentucky||2014 (2014 Oct. 01)||Adoption process underway (Effective date not established)|
|Louisiana||2011||2014 edition (2017 July 01)|
|Maine||2014 (2014 Aug. 01)||Adoption process underway (mid-2017)|
|Maryland||2014 (2015 Jan. 01)||Not in process|
|Massachusetts||2017 w/MA Amendments (2017 Jan. 01)|
Commercial (2015 June 18)
Residential (2016 Feb. 08)
|Adoption process underway (effective date not established)|
|Minnesota||2017 (2017 July 01)|
|Mississippi||Local adoption only|
|Missouri||Local adoption only|
|Montana||2014 (2014 Oct. 23)||Not in process|
|Nebraska||2017 (2017 Aug. 01)|
|Nevada||2011 (2013 July 01 – Nevada State Pubic Works Division)||Not in process||Not in process|
|New Hampshire||2014 (2015 Jan. 01)||Adoption process underway (2018 Jan. 01)|
|New Jersey||2014 (2015 Sep. 21 with 6 month grace period for new permits)||Not in process|
|New Mexico||2014 (2014 Aug. 01)||Adoption process underway (Effective date not established)|
|New York||2014 (2016 April 06 with 6-month grace period ending 2016 Oct. 03)||Not in process|
|North Carolina||2014 (2016 April 01)||Adoption process underway (2018 April 01)|
|North Dakota||2017 (2017 July 01)|
Commercial (2015 Jan. 01)
Residential (2016 Jan. 01)
|2017 Nov. 01 Commercial|
Commercial (2015 Nov. 01)
Residential 2015 IRC Electrical
Chapters (2016 Nov. 01)
|Not in process|
|Oregon||2014 (2014 Oct. 01)||Adoption process underway (2017 Oct. 01)|
|Pennsylvania||2008||Not in process||Not in process|
|Rhode Island||2014 (2014 July 01)||Adoption process underway (effective date not established)|
|South Carolina||2014 (2016 July 01)||Not in process|
|South Dakota||2017 (2017 July 01)|
|Tennessee||2008||2011 edition (effective date not established)|
|Texas||2017 (2017 Sep. 01)|
|Utah||2014 (2016 July 01)||Adoption process underway (effective date not established)|
|Vermont||2014 (2017 Oct. 01)||Adoption process underway (2017 Oct. 01)|
|Virginia||2011 (2014 July 14)||2014 edition (2018 March)|
|Washington||2017 (2017 July 01)|
|West Virginia||2014 (2016 Aug. 01)||Not in process|
|Wisconsin||2011||Adoption process underway (effective date not established)|
|Wyoming||2017 (2017 July 01)|
|New York City||2008 w/NYC amendments (2011 July 01)||2014 (effective date not established|
In this series we look at how automation might change the world you and I live in.
Our motivation comes from this question – Will automation, AI, Self Driving cars affect us personally, affect the value of our homes, where we live, how we commute.
We have extracted some thoughts and points from the media.
Fewer parking lots
In 2016, in the D.C. area, commercial underground parking garages added 10-12% to the cost of office construction according to CBRE, the world’s largest commercial real estate service firm.
Fewer gas stations.
“Think of all these gas stations. There are 125,000 gas stations in the United States in prime real estate, you won’t need those anymore,” said Andy Cohen.
A recent policy brief by the Institute of Transportation Studies at University of California, Davis, was even more clear. The convergence of three new technologies—automation, electrification, and shared mobility—has the potential to create a whole new wave of automation-induced sprawl without proper planning and regulation.
Shannon McDonald, an architect, assistant professor at Southern Illinois University-Carbondale, and an expert in future mobility planning. “I think it’ll have the same transformational change as the introduction of the automobile.”
There are currently 263 million non-autonomous cars on the road, and roughly 2 billion parking spaces in the United States.
“Streets are 25 to 35 percent of a city’s land area… [the] most valuable asset in many ways,” says Zabe Bent, a principal at transportation consulting firm Nelson/Nygaard
But with the potential for driverless tech to reduce private car ownership, developers won’t need to worry about parking spaces, and can make more money by avoiding wasting space on cars
Redesigning parking lots and entrances to be less about static parking and more about increasing the flow of dropoffs and pickups.
- Parking lots and garages will become less necessary – if not obsolete.
- Cities will lower their parking requirements, thereby allowing developers to increase residential density.
- Neighborhoods that currently lack parking will become more attractive.
- Housing will become more affordable. The average parking space is only 330 square feet in size but can add anywhere from $10,000 to $50,000 per space to a development’s total project costs
- new-build residential property will become cheaper;
- detached houses on the outskirts of town with insufficient infrastructure will become less liquid;
- the demand for short-term rentals and hotels will decrease;
- the demand for retail property will fall, whilst the demand for warehouses will increase;
- warehouses will be built even further from city centers;
- parking spaces in business districts will be relocated closer to the periphery of cities.
- Will automation affect the property market?
- If self driving changes people’s attitudes to commuting, will that change the property market?
- Self Driving Cars and the shape of Cars
- Block Chain I/O – What Bitcoin Can Teach Automation
- High Temperature Superconductors
- Skills of the future
- Future proofing your career
Hi. Ever wondered how they make these little stuffed mammals? The easiest way to learn is to take one to pieces. Many humans call this ripping, chewing and destroying. They cannot recognize reverse engineering for what it is. A valid, skilled activity. You too can make a contribution to the body of knowledge which drives the world forward.
Step 1: As Received – K9 Pulleez Bunny Squeak Toy
Step 2: Project Handover and Kick Off
Step 3: Taking Delivery – Initial Taste
Step 4: FTST Method Illustration
Step 5: Stitch Stretching Makes Downstream Tasks Easier
Step 6: Progress Report
Step 9: Progress Report – Phase 2 – Losing Interest
I have seen this all before. So many of these stuffed edible mammal emulations (toys as you call them) are made from the same non edible materials. For stupid, untrained reverse engineers this material is a safety risk because it can cause suffocation.Thanks for joining me on my project. See you soon.